Preparing Contents of Research Proposal – Parts & Important Guidelines

Preparing contents of research proposal require a thorough understanding of different parts and sections of a proposal. You must submit a formal research proposal to the supervisory committee to gain their approval for your research. A summary of the study problem and the queries you wish to investigate are included in the proposal.

It contains a concise evaluation of the literature that highlights the shortcomings in the previous studies and explains how your research will fill those gaps. A research proposal often incorporates your research’s preliminary results and expected findings. You must also discuss your research’s limits, ethical issues, and the techniques used to ensure data validity and dependability. A proposal is a paper that persuades the supervisory committee to approve your request to conduct research. This article will guide you in preparing the contents of research proposal   by specifying its different parts.

What is a research proposal?

A research proposal is a plan or outline that informs your department and advisor about your research. Consider it as a business proposal. For instance, when someone wishes to launch a new firm and needs to find the money for the endeavour, he or she presents a business proposal. Similarly, when researchers have to get the approval of the supervisory committee for the research, they seek the approval by preparing contents of research proposal. A research proposal answers the following questions:

  • What is it you intend to investigate?
  • What sort of research do you want to conduct?
  • How will you do your research? What will be your research methodology?
  • What is the relevance of your research? How will your research add value to the existing literature?

To acquire departmental approval to write an undergraduate or Master’s dissertation, you must submit a research proposal. It is essential for obtaining research grants and funding for doctoral degrees. Getting research proposal help from the best writers is also helpful for to achieve success.

What are the contents of a research proposal?

Preparing the contents of research proposal require that you must be familiar with its essential components. Here are the important components of a research proposal:

  • Introduction
  • Research Problem
  • Research Questions
  • Aims and Objectives of the Study
  • Literature Review
  • Research Methodology
  • Outline of different sections of the research
  • Tentative discussion of research results and findings
  • References and bibliography

It is crucial to remember that each department and university has its requirements for the research proposal. Before crafting the proposal, getting your department’s approval is crucial. However, all types of research proposals contain the aforementioned contents.

How can you prepare the contents of research proposal?

You can prepare the contents of research proposal by following the below-mentioned guidelines:

1. Select a Topic and Draft a Research Problem

The first step in preparing the contents of a research proposal is to come up with an original topic idea. You must also create a compelling research problem after choosing your study topic. The topic concept for a research proposal ought to be enticing. The theme concept needs to be original and beneficial to the literature. Here are some steps that you can take to choose a unique topic and formulate a strong research problem:

  • Look for some topics that captivate you.
  • Determine whether sufficient evidence is available on the selected few topics by conducting some preliminary studies on them and identifying gaps in the literature.
  • Pick the most fascinating subject and determine the gaps that your research can fill in.
  • Perform some brainstorming and divide the subject into different parts.
  • Brainstorming will assist you in focusing on one or two main topics and reduce the scope of your topic.
  • Develop a solid and coherent research problem that is precise and not too general for the research proposal.
  • A research problem is a debatable assertion that you can back up with proof and justification.

2. Draft the Introduction Section

The next step in preparing the contents of research proposal entails drafting an introduction of your research. The core idea of your topic should be introduced in the introduction section. It is the most crucial section of a research paper since a strong beginning creates a smooth flow of ideas. To keep the reader interested, include attention-getters in the beginning section. The introduction section of research proposal must include the following things:

  • Give a brief summary of the background knowledge related to the subject of your research. Write it to explain the situation to the reader.
  • In the opening section, state your research problem in clear terms.
  • Write down the study’s goals and objectives and identify the main research questions.
  • The research question needs to be clear-cut and explicit.
  • Write down the importance and breadth of the research. Justify the importance of the research with ample evidence and reasoning.

3. Write the Literature Review

The third step in preparing the contents of research proposal requires writing the literature review. A research proposal must include a literature review to support the significance of the proposed research. It requires determining where the existing studies have shortcomings. It also calls for describing how your study will fill in those gaps. A detailed examination of the published literature is known as a literature review. You will need to research a variety of sources related to your subject. In a literature review, sources are analysed and judged.

4. Write the Research Methodology

Preparing Contents of Research Proposal

Writing the research methodology is an important step in preparing the contents of research proposal . It requires the explanation of the following things:

  • How will you approach the primary research question?
  • What instruments will you use to gather and analyse data?
  • Why did you pick this approach for your research?
  • How reliable and pertinent is the approach you have chosen for your study?
  • How will you guarantee the accuracy of the data in your study?

5. Write the possible results of your research.

You do not have a clear understanding of your findings when writing a research proposal. It is because you have not yet begun gathering the data. However, you can give suggestions and cues about the possible consequences of your study. You can foresee your results and let the reader know your study’s desired outcomes.


The tips mentioned above are essential for preparing the contents of research proposal. You can write an outstanding research proposal by following each step verbatim. It will help you gain the supervisory committee’s approval, and you can start doing your research.

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